By Benjamin Flowers
Amidst the ongoing controversy with the international climate change commitment, known as the “Paris Agreement,” Belize climate change specialist Carlos Fuller has endorsed the resolution.
Fuller, the international and regional liaison officer at the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (5Cs), explained this week that in the Belizean context, the agreement’s pros outweigh its cons when addressing the effects of climate change.
He pointed out that the international community has committed to provide Belize and a other developing countries with financial resources to mitigate climate change, reduce emission of green house gases and to adapt to climate change. Belize will also benefit from technological and capacity building support.
The agreement also establishes a “Loss and Damage” mechanism, to deal with instances where climate change has caused irreparable damage.
The mechanism will address matters such as: early warning systems; emergency preparedness; slow onset events; events that may involve irreversible or permanent loss and damage; comprehensive risk assessment and management risk insurance facilities; non economic losses and resilience for communities, livelihoods, and ecosystems.
“For example the people in Monkey River: they have lost a considerable amount of beach front already due to climate change. The mechanism will help them address that loss,” Fuller said.
The new agreement also commissions a study to see the impacts of higher temperatures , and to develop a roadmap for developed countries, showing what can be done to reduce emissions to 1.5 degree celsius per annum target. That report is due in 2018.
Addressing the controversy brought up by international experts on the weaknesses of the agreement, Fuller explained that the deficiencies highlighted by renowned professor James Hansen, are not unique to the Paris Agreement.
Fuller drew examples from the failure of developed countries to stop Iran and North Korea from obtaining nuclear weapons, despite the nuclear non proliferation agreement, and the United Nations Security Council’s inability to stop Israel from putting up new settlements in unoccupied Palestine.
“Compliance is one of the issues we have in all international agreements,” Fuller said.
” For any international agreement it requires the international good will of all parties to the agreement.”
The Paris Agreement was forged by the leaders of 195 countries at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (UNCCC) held from November 30- December 11.